World economy wobbles on eve of Davos with politics to blame

High in the Alps, the global elite will be feeling low about the economic outlook.

The ski resort of Davos, Switzerland, will again play host next week to the World Economic Forum’s annual meeting, drawing JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s Jamie Dimon, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan. Domestic political strife is forcing U.S. President Donald Trump and U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May to stay home.

Government and business leaders will trek to the freezing Swiss Alps for the annual World Economic Forum held from January 22 to 25, 2019.
Government and business leaders will trek to the freezing Swiss Alps for the annual World Economic Forum held from January 22 to 25, 2019.  (FABRICE COFFRINI / AFP/GETTY IMAGES)

Those still going will do so as their economies lose momentum just a year since they enjoyed a rare synchronized upturn. While few predict a recession, companies are the most bearish since 2016 as economic data falls short of expectations and political risks mount amid an international trade war, U.S. government shutdown and Brexit.

“The mood is going to be much darker than a year ago,” said Nariman Behravesh, IHS Markit’s chief economist, who will be in Davos. “A recession isn’t imminent, but as economies slow it wouldn’t take much to topple growth.”

The summit formally begins on Tuesday although the tone will be set a day before when the International Monetary Fund publishes new growth forecasts and China releases data likely to show expansion in 2018 was the slowest in almost three decades. The Bank of Japan and European Central Bank also have meetings next week at which policy makers may recast their outlooks.

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“The evidence is consistent with slowdown rather than slump, but downside risks have increased,” said Tom Orlik, chief economist at Bloomberg Economics.

Some of the companies sending executives to Davos are already sounding less upbeat. Dimon’s JPMorgan last week missed profit estimates and he warned the U.S. economy could stop growing if the government shutdown endures.

BlackRock Inc., which will be represented by CEO Laurence Fink, said this month it’s cutting jobs. Societe Generale, helmed by Frederic Oudea, this week reported “challenging” conditions as it warned fourth-quarter trading revenue probably fell 20 percent.

Such developments leave governments and central banks under pressure to respond at a time when global policy uncertainty is at a record high.

It’s not just Trump and May who have problems. French President Emmanuel Macron faces protests against his reform program, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras’s governing coalition has splintered, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is at odds with China over the arrest of a Huawei Technologies Co. executive and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte’s populist coalition is under strain.

In a potential theme for Davos week, BlackRock’s Fink has told fellow CEOs that they should take a larger role fixing political problems that governments prove incapable of solving.

“Stakeholders are pushing companies to wade into sensitive social and political issues — especially as they see governments failing to do so effectively,” Fink wrote in a letter this week.

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The global economy is nevertheless still stronger than a decade ago when one participant bemoaned the “grimmest Davos” ever as the financial crisis and recession raged. The OECD reported on Thursday that employment in its member nations reached 68.4 percent in the third quarter of last year, the most since it began compiling records in 2005.

Policy makers are also on the alert. The U.S. Federal Reserve is already signalling it is more cautious about raising interest rates, while China is cutting taxes. At the ECB, President Mario Draghi has said that uncertainties “remain prominent.”

“We see the biggest risk in the global economy as one of talking ourselves into a recession,” Citigroup CEO Michael Corbat, another Davos delegate, said this week.

For those wanting to take their minds off the economy, there are distractions in Davos along with the traditional cocktail parties. The Forum’s agenda includes panels on how to achieve happiness, live longer, perform magic and spot con tricks. Delegates can also dine in the dark and meditate together each morning.

TORONTO STAR

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